Django Async vs. Celery

Django Async vs. Celery

Learn the key differences between Django Async and Celery


3 min read

This page explains the key differences between Django Async and Celery, two asynchronous technologies used in Python-based projects.

Celery and Django Async are both technologies used for handling asynchronous tasks in Python web applications, but they serve different purposes and have some key differences.

Here are the key differences between them and also some code samples for each.


Celery is a distributed task queue system that allows you to offload time-consuming or background tasks to be executed asynchronously. It's not tied to any specific web framework and can be used with various frameworks or standalone applications.

Celery, distributed task queue manager - Tutorial provided by AppSeed.

Key Features of Celery

  • Distributed and scalable.

  • Supports various message brokers like RabbitMQ, Redis, and others.

  • Task prioritization and scheduling.

  • Supports periodic (cron-like) tasks.

Here's a basic example of how to use Celery:

# Install Celery and a message broker (e.g., Redis or RabbitMQ) first

from celery import Celery

# Create a Celery instance
app = Celery('myapp', broker='redis://localhost:6379/0')

# Define a Celery task
def add(x, y):
    return x + y

# Call the task asynchronously
result = add.delay(4, 5)

# Get the result later

Django Async

Django Async is a feature introduced in Django 3.1+ that allows you to write asynchronous code within your Django web application. It's primarily used for improving the performance of I/O-bound operations within Django views, but it's not a full-fledged task queue like Celery.

Django Async vs. Celery - Tutorial provided by AppSeed.

Key Features of Django Async

  • Works within the Django framework.

  • Supports asynchronous views, middleware, and database queries.

  • Utilizes Python's async and await syntax.

  • Useful for I/O-bound tasks within Django views.

Here's a basic example of how to use Django Async in a view:

# Django 3.1+ is required for async support

from django.http import JsonResponse
from django.db import transaction
from asgiref.sync import async_to_sync

# Import the database model
from myapp.models import MyModel

async def async_view(request):
    # Perform an asynchronous database query
    async with MyModel.objects.using('my_db').async_db.transaction():
        instance = await MyModel.objects.using('my_db').async_db.get(pk=1)

    # Return a JSON response
    return JsonResponse({'result': instance.field_value})

Key Differences

Use Case

  • Use Celery for handling general-purpose background tasks and offloading heavy computation.

  • Use Django Async for optimizing I/O-bound operations within Django views or middleware.


  • Celery is a standalone tool and can be used with any Python application.

  • Django Async is specific to the Django framework and can be used within Django projects.


  • Celery provides a more comprehensive task queue system with features like scheduling and prioritization.

  • Django Async is simpler and designed for handling asynchronous operations within Django.

✅ In Summary

Choose the tool that best fits your project's requirements. If you need a robust task queue system for various tasks and background processing, Celery is a better choice. If you want to optimize Django views with asynchronous I/O operations, then Django Async is a suitable option.

✅ Resources